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Django Views - function() based

Django Views - function() based

function() based views in Django

Django The Right Way's photo
Django The Right Way
ยทMar 22, 2023ยท

2 min read

When we talk about views in Django, views are the core part of Django which serves as the main place to process the incoming request.

Basically, we write out the view function in the views.py file, but we can write this function on a different file as well. We just need to map this function with our URL configuration.

Creating a function based view is quite easy, we just need to create a normal python function with first parameter request as mandatory, because this parameter is the Request Object which we may need on our views. Request Objects contains various useful information about the requests like request method ,request data and so on.

Also, this function based view must return an HttpResponse or its valid subclasses which is very important since a HTTP Response contains various information which Django configures automatically.

Basic Example;

from django.http import HttpResponse
def dashboard_view(request):
    # write your view processing logics here
    return HttpResponse("Welcome to Dashboard")

To return a template we use render() function instead of HttpResponse(), but if you look into the code of this shortcut render() function it uses HttpResponse() at the end. Django Github : django.shortcuts.render()

Allow only specific request method on views

When we work with views, we sometime need a way to allow only specific request method like GET or POST according to our need. The basic way to perform this can be by doing if/else check on the view itself

from django.http import HttpResponse
def dashboard_view(request):
    if request.method == 'GET'
        return HttpResponse("Welcome to Dashboard")
    else:
        # send status= 405 which means method not allowed
        return HttpResponse(status=405)

But we can perform this with help of view decorator require_http_methods

from django.http import HttpResponse
from django.views.decorators.http import require_http_methods

@require_http_methods(["GET"])
def dashboard_view(request):
    # only GET allowed
    return HttpResponse("Welcome to Dashboard")

Adding extra parameter on view to capture URL values

If you are capturing values from URL then your view function should have parameter to accept this values

# urls.py
urlpatterns = [
    path('/profile/<str:username>/', user_profile_detail_view) # we used <str> path converter and assigned the value to username
]
# views.py
def user_profile_detail_view(request, username):
    # do something with the username
    pass

Have a detail read about URL design and URL values capturing at: URL designing and URL kwargs in Django